It is also important that you health check your rabbits at home- see section on Home health checks for further information
Pet rabbits should be vaccinated routinely against both rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) and myxomatosis. Both these viral diseases are widespread and endemic in wild rabbits in the United Kingdom and are likely to prove fatal in unprotected rabbits if they are exposed.
There is no effective treatment for either disease. RHD is spread by direct contact between rabbits but also via indirect contact from contaminated environments and also via mechanical transfer from insects. Myxomatosis is commonly spread by fleas and other biting insects and but can also be transmitted by direct contact with other infected rabbits. There is now an annual vaccination for rabbits that can be administered from 5 weeks of age.
It is strongly recommended that all non-breeding does are neutered in order to prevent tumours in the uterus, called uterine adenocarcinoma, it is reported that this affects 50-80% of un-neutered does under three years old. Male rabbits should also be neutered to control breeding, and to help with behaviour in certain cases.
See Parasites section for relevant preventative information